Conservation Status




--The Swahili word for lion is simba, meaning "king," "strong," and "aggressive."

--A lion can spend up to 21 hours a day lying around and napping.

--Lions are the only cats who live in large groups, called a pride, consisting of 3 to 30 lions.

Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: leo
Subspecies: Panthera leo (African) | Panthera leo persica (Asian)


Weight: 265 - 550 pounds with males being larger than females
Length: 4 ½ -- 8 ½ feet (not including the tail)
Height: 4 feet at the shoulder
Life Span: Average of 15 years in the wild, up to 30 in captivity
Gestation: 4 months
# of young: Average of 3 to 4 in a litter
Range: Today the Asian Lion is only found in the Gir Forest in India. The African Lion is now mainly found in sub-Saharan regions of Africa.
Diet: Carnivore, eats zebra, antelope, wildebeest and other African animals

Energy & Conservation

Habitat loss and conflicts with humans are the lion's greatest threats. The lion's natural habitat is now only found in protected reserves and little is known about where lions go or what they do outside of the park boundaries.

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